Possible Neglected Factors: The Relationship Between ADHD, Impulsivity, and Borderline Personality Disorder Traits
Glynn, Brynne L.
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The current study examines how impulsivity may be a key feature that influences the relationship between symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), and borderline personality disorder (BPD). Developmental pathways were tested similar to those proposed for antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and BPD. The following measures were used to assess each disorder and impulsivity: Barkley forms for the evaluation of adults, McLean Screening Instrument for Borderline Personality Disorder, and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale – 11. Three hundred and fifteen participants were recruited from a medium sized midwest university, demographics matching those of the region. Results indicate that impulsivity does not significantly predict BPD traits above and beyond ADHD, ODD, and CD symptoms. This suggests that BPD does share similar developmental route to ASPD, and the expression of these disorders may differ by gender. In addition, this provides support of future studies examining the symptomology from each disorder which contributes to the later development of a personality disorder. This in turn provides clinicians with knowledge on both the etiology and treatment of these comorbid disorders.
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