Uncertainty Threat, Integrated Threat, and Self-Esteem: A Mediation Model Predicting Ethnocentrism
The “lethal union” of the Uncertainty-Threat Model (UTM) and Integrated Threat Theory (ITT) are significant predictors of ethnocentrism or generalized prejudice (McFarland, 2010). Although discriminatory acts against minorities increase perpetrator self-esteem (Pratto, Sidanius, Stallworth, & Malle, 1994), less is known about the prediction of generalized prejudice by selfesteem. This prediction, mediated by UTM and ITT, was examined among 331 Amazon Mechanical Turk participants. Participants completed six surveys addressing self-esteem, generalized prejudice, social dominance orientation, uncertainty threat, right-wing authoritarianism, and intergroup anxiety. Self-esteem significantly predicted generalized prejudice, but this relationship was mediated by neither UTM nor ITT. Theoretical implications, limitations, and future research directions are addressed.